the niche
of a rock tomb
a niche
and some holes
the cave of the
rock tombs from
the bottom
the cave of the
rock tombs from
the top

8th and 9th cave of the itinerary
depth: ground floor
discovery: 2002
restorations: 2002-2003
first opening: 2003

the rock tombs
many theories about twenty-seven
centuries of transformation

The two last chambers of the itineray, brought to light in 2002, were subject to an infinite number of adaptations and transformations which make it extremely difficult to interpret both their original use and their later modifications.

Archaeologists have suggested that they were used for keeping animals, as a necropolis, an enormous unfinished cistern, a settlement of dwellings, a dye-works, a tannery, and even as a baths complex.

Fortunately, however, the presence of two niches with side basins msuggest that this was a necropolis excavated from the rock; in fact, almost identical structures are found in the older tombs of Norchia, in Lazio, which also have other similarities in common with these chambers, such as the horizontal channels along the walls and a multitude of holes cut into the tufa.

The rarity of such a discovery lies in the fact that until a year ago burials pre-dating the period of Etruscan settlement at Orvieto, had never been discovered in the area

the well
  the structure
  the access from the street

the kilns
  the medieval workshop
  la Renaissance muffle
  the potsherds

Etruscan finds
  the reused tomb
  the rock tombs
  the cistern for water
  the underground passages

medieval finds
  the "butti"
  the wine cellar
  the pillar of a tower

the big cave
  the quarry and
  "the well number 2"

...not only caves
  the terrace and the shops