the cave of the well
Pozzo della Cava
Pozzo della Cava
well from the top
the tunnel at the
bottom of the well
the end
of the tunnel
other pictures are available
in the pages about
Pozzo della Cava's history
and the access from Cava street

place: 4th cave of the itinerary
visible from the 2nd undergr. floor
discovery: 1984
the top of the well: 1986
emptying: 1996
the access from the street: 2004-'05
first opening: 1986

the Pozzo [well] della Cava
:: the structure ::

The well is entirely dug into the lithoid tufa of the cliff of Orvieto: it is 36 meters deep, including the meters of spring water at the bottom.

It consists of two parts that have been unified: the larger one, circular in cross section and with an average diameter of 3.40 meters, and a smaller rectangular shaft, measuring 60 x 80 cm, and with the typical Etruscan "pedarole" or footholds which made it possible to climb in and out at the sides.

A tunnel about 1.7 meters high and approximately 20 meters long opens out inside the rectangular portion at a depth of 30 meters; the bottom, almost completely covered with mud and clay, has a deep groove on the left side along which the water from the well ran.

Various grooves to be found on the upper part of the entrance of this walkway were made by the ropes that were probably used to excavate the well or to transport water.

Five holes set at regular intervals along the cylindrical wall appear at the base of the tunnel.; they may have been used to house the beams of a platform or a device to lift water from the spring.

:: history of Pozzo della Cava ::

:: the access ftom the street ::
the well
  the structure
  the access from the street

the kilns
  the medieval workshop
  la Renaissance muffle
  the potsherds

Etruscan finds
  the reused tomb
  the rock tombs
  the cistern for water
  the underground passages

medieval finds
  the "butti"
  the wine cellar
  the pillar of a tower

the big cave
  the quarry and
  "the well number 2"

...not only caves
  the terrace and the shops