the room
of the muffle
ad the pillar
the pillar
of the medieval

place: 7th cave of the itinerary
depth: ground floor
discovery: 1998
restorations: 1998-1999
first opening: 1999

the pillar of a tower
the remains of a Ghibelline bulwark

The large pillar in the centre of the muffle's chamber is all that remains of a great Medieval tower.

According to the historical tract «Cronica Potestatum», this was the tower of the sons of Simone dei Filippeschi, right-handman of the famous Ghibelline captain, Neri Della Greca.

In the same tract one reads that the entire structure was demolished in 1313, when the Guelfs of Orvieto finally defeated the Ghibellines.

Filippeschi [Ghibelline]
and Monaldeschi signs
the well
  the structure
  the access from the street

the kilns
  the medieval workshop
  la Renaissance muffle
  the potsherds

Etruscan finds
  the reused tomb
  the rock tombs
  the cistern for water
  the underground passages

medieval finds
  the "butti"
  the wine cellar
  the pillar of a tower

the big cave
  the quarry and
  "the well number 2"

...not only caves
  the terrace and the shops