the pottery
the kiln
original tools
medieval ceramics
majolica finds
majolica finds

first cave of the itinerary
depth: ground floor
discovery: 1985
restorations: 1986
first opening: 1986

the medieval workshop
Orvieto majolica,
between Middle Ages and Renaissance

The first room of the itinerary was used, from the 13th to the 16th century as a pottery.

A part of the chamber was excavated from the tufa rock and as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures the kiln walls have become white.

At each firing, the kiln was closed with a wall of heat-resistant bricks, the rectangular recess in the corner is the outlet of the chimney flue.

The discovery of this kiln, in 1985, showed that majolica was also produced at Orvieto in the 15th and 16th centuries, which until then were considered the mystery centuries in the history of Orvieto ceramics.

It's possible to see also some original tools used in the workshop [terra cotta and stone moulds, trivets, fragments of firing cases,...] and some medieval kiln discards, thrown away because they were defective in shape or decoration.

and firing from
«I Tre Libri
dell'Arte del
Vasajo» by
the well
  the structure
  the access from the street

the kilns
  the medieval workshop
  la Renaissance muffle
  the potsherds

Etruscan finds
  the reused tomb
  the rock tombs
  the cistern for water
  the underground passages

medieval finds
  the "butti"
  the wine cellar
  the pillar of a tower

the big cave
  the quarry and
  "the well number 2"

...not only caves
  the terrace and the shops