the cave of the
first "butto"
the cave of
the second one
the cave of
the second "butto"
the "butto"
with vertical walls

2nd e 5th cave of the itinerary
depth: first underground floor
discovery: 1985 - 1989
restorations: 1986 - 1990
first opening: 1986 - 1991

the “butti”
the big medieval garbage cans

Into the caves there are two different small shafts; there are two medieval "butti".

At the time, each house had to have one of these shafts in which to throw away bones and inorganic waste material ["buttare" = "to throw away"].

The "butti" have thus become reservoirs of history and what is found provides invaluable information for historians and archaeologists.

The first "butto" is a flask-shaped shaft while the second one is with vertical walls; it was easier to dig, but more dangerous. A series of small holes can be seen on the walls of this shaft; these used to house small beams on which the floor was reconstructed to avoid falling into the "butto".

The medieval pottery fragments [the kiln discards] are found into shafts like these [see the page of the kiln].

covering of a "butto"
the well
  the structure
  the access from the street

the kilns
  the medieval workshop
  la Renaissance muffle
  the potsherds

Etruscan finds
  the reused tomb
  the rock tombs
  the cistern for water
  the underground passages

medieval finds
  the "butti"
  the wine cellar
  the pillar of a tower

the big cave
  the quarry and
  "the well number 2"

...not only caves
  the terrace and the shops